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If you're mining Bitcoin, you do not need to calculate the total value of that 64-digit number (the hash). I repeat: You do not need to calculate the total value of a hash.
Remember that ELI5 analogy, in which I composed the number 19 on a piece of paper and put it in a sealed envelope
In Bitcoin mining terms, that metaphorical undisclosed number in the envelope is known as the objective hash.
What miners are doing with those huge computers and dozens of cooling fans is guessing at the target hash. Miners make these guesses by randomly generating as many"nonces" as you can, as fast as possible. A nonce is short for"number only used once," and the nonce is the secret to generating these 64-bit hexadecimal numbers I keep talking about.
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The primary miner whose nonce generates a hash that is less than or equivalent to the target hash is awarded credit for completing that block, and is awarded the spoils of 12.5 BTC. .
In theory you can achieve the same goal by rolling a 16-sided die 64 days to arrive at random numbers, but why on earth do you want to do that
As you see here, their contribution into the Bitcoin community is that they confirmed 1768 transactions for this block. If you really want to find all 1768 of these transactions for this block, go to this page and scroll down to the heading"Transactions." .
There's no minimum goal, but there's a maximum goal set by the Bitcoin Protocol. No target can be higher than this number:
Here are some examples of randomized hashes and also the standards for if they will lead to success for the miner:
You'd have to get a fast mining rig or, more realistically, join a mining pool--a bunch of miners that combine their computing ability and divide the mined bitcoin. Mining pools are similar to people Powerball clubs whose members buy lottery tickets en masse and agree to share any winnings. A disproportionately large number of blocks are mined by pools rather than by individual miners. .
In other words, it is literally only a numbers game. You cannot imagine the pattern or make a prediction based on preceding target hashes. The difficulty level of the most recent block at the time of writing is 2,874,674,234,416, i.e. the chance of any given nonce producing a hash below the goal is 1 in 2,874,674,234,416--less than 1 in two trillion. .
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The aforementioned website Cryptocompare offers a helpful calculator which allows you to plug in numbers like your hash rate, electricity prices etc., to estimate the costs and benefits.
Mining benefits are paid to the miner who finds about his a solution to the puzzle first, and also the likelihood that a participant will be the one to find the solution is equal to the portion of the total mining energy on the network. Participants with a small percentage of their mining capability stand a very small chance of discovering the next block on their own. For instance, a mining card that one could buy to get a few thousand bucks would represent less than 0.001% of the network's mining power. With such a tiny chance at finding the next block, it could be a long time before that miner finds a block, and also the problem going up makes things even worse. The miner may never recoup their investment. The answer to this predicament is mining pools. Mining pools are run by third parties and coordinate groups of miners. By working together in a pool and sharing the payouts amongst participants, miners can get a steady stream of bitcoin starting the afternoon they activate their miner. Statistics on some of the mining pools can be seen on Blockchain.info. .
Sure. As mentioned, the simplest way to acquire Bitcoin is to buy it on an exchange like Coinbase.com. Alternately, you can consistently leverage the"pickaxe strategy". This is based on the old saw that during the 1848 California gold rush, the smart investment was not to pan for goldbut instead to create the pickaxes taken for mining.
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In a crypto context, the pickaxe equivalent are a company that manufactures equpiment used for Bitcoin mining. You can look into companies which make ASICs miners or GPU miners. .